You have the right to search a policeman before he searches you —NPF

You have the right to search a policeman before he searches you —NPF


The Nigeria Police Force says Nigerians have the right to search its men in select circumstances .

The Force Public Relations Officer, Frank Mba , said this in a statement on Monday titled , ‘( Part 2) Tips For Safe And Cordial Conduct During An Arrest .’

The Police said if an officer is about to search a citizen or a property , that citizen has the right to first search the policeman in order to ensure that no evidence is planted .

According to the NPF, Nigerians also have the right to demand to know the reason for their arrest whenever an arrest is about to be made .

The Force spokesman further stated that in some instances , Nigerians have the right to demand that an arrest warrant is presented before allowing themselves to be apprehended .

The statement reads in part, “You may politely request that the officer be searched before searching you. Often times , this helps to allay fears that someone may be trying to plant incriminating items on you or implicate you in any other way .

“Demand to see the warrant of arrest where necessary ( note , however , that not all invitation / arrest requires a warrant ) . As a matter of fact, under our laws , the Police have wide powers to arrest without warrant in many circumstances.

“Politely request that the officers allow you inform a trusted friend or a family member or a lawyer soon after your arrest in order to avoid unnecessary apprehension as to your whereabouts or safety .

“If the arrest requires the officer to conduct a search on you, demand to see the Search Warrant and comply with all legitimate instruction during the search ( note that there are a lot of instances where a policeman can search you with or without warrant ) .”

The Force called on Nigerians never to resist arrest , even if it seems unjustified .

It also counselled Nigerians to never interfere in the arrest of a third party .

According to the statement , the Police may ask one to perform some tests such as walking in a straight line if a person is pulled over on suspicion of being drunk or high on drugs .

A Nigerian also has the right to decline writing a statement upon arrest.

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