Must Read: Lagos Community Where Men Don’t Use Condoms And Girls Pay For Sex

Must Read: Lagos Community Where Men Don’t Use Condoms And Girls Pay For Sex


The use of condoms is strange to many men in Makoko, a
densely populated slum where the majority live in wooden shacks built on water, writes ARUKAINO UMUKORO.
Following his pleasant discovery earlier in the day, Hueze Huesu, in his 50s, couldn’t wait to get home later that night. He felt like a school boy preparing for a first date.
He was excited about exploring the world of sex with a ‘rubber.’
“Nobody had told me about condoms until I heard from some
people that it prevents pregnancy and sexually transmitted
diseases,” he said.
However, his excitement was deflated when he tried to explore
his discovery with one of his wives that night. He said, “For the
first time, I tried to use it when I wanted to sleep with my
wife but she bluntly refused. She said she was not a prostitute
and queried why I wanted to use a condom when we have been
married for years and never used one.”
Since then, Huese, who has 10 children, has never tried to use a
condom with any of his two wives. “I have never believed in the
use of condoms anyway. This has not stopped me from having
sex regularly. The woman knows the sign when the man is about
to ejaculate or reach orgasm. So she has already even enjoyed
it more than the man before he withdraws,” noted Huese
animatedly.
Like Huese, many Egun people in Makoko, as well as Oko-Agbon
and Ago-Egun communities in Yaba Local Council Development
Area, Lagos, do not like using condoms due to their long held
traditional belief in the old practice of coitus interruptus, also
known as the withdrawal or pull-out method during sexual
intercourse.
For centuries, this has been used as a method of birth control
worldwide.
The history is not lost on the Egun people whose forefathers
migrated from neighbouring Francophone West African countries like Togo and Benin Republic, as well as from Badagry, Lagos.
This age old practice has been transferred to the current
generation, where most of the people speak their local Egun
dialect and sometimes French. Their major occupations are
fishing and farming. Only a few understand English and the
residents, whose maj live in wooden shacks built on murky
waters oozing with an unpleasant odour.
“The use of condom means nothing for us here as Egun people.
We don’t like using condoms because we know ourselves, both
women and men; we don’t go outside or sleep around. It’s those
people who go outside sleeping with different people that
contact such diseases like HIV,” said Lowato Luke, one of the
traditional chiefs in the area.
Luke, who has two wives and 12 children, gleefully boasted that
he had mastered the withdrawal method and understands his
wives’ ovulation cycles. “I know the particular times to have sex
with my wives, even if they are breastfeeding and I want to
have sex with them, I know how to do it to prevent another
pregnancy,” he said. Like Huese, he also claimed that his wives
enjoy the sex more than he does. “But if you use condom, it
won’t be that enjoyable. I have never used a condom,” he noted.
It is the same case with Kirianko Goi, in his 40s. “I don’t believe
in the use of condom because I never heard that from my
father. It’s not for me to say whether I will advise my children
to use condom or not. If the young boys and girls want to have
sex, they won’t tell you. This generation is clearly different
from that of my father and mine. But if I’m in a position to do
so, I will advise them, it is my duty to advise them,” he said.
Goi’s nephews, two young men in their 20s, one married and the
other unmarried, giggled intermittently during their uncle’s
brief condom talk. But they declined comments when asked if
they use condoms during sex.
Many of the men who spoke to our correspondent in the
community expressed their aversion to the use of condoms
during sexual intercourse and were insistent that their women
enjoyed it that way.
Twenty-five-year-old Bernadette Sato, who has two children,
agreed. She does not like condom. “We don’t like using condom.
But if we don’t want to get pregnant, we know how to do it by
ourselves; it pays us more that way, because we don’t like using
condom. I was told in a hospital in Cotonou, Benin Republic,
where I gave birth to my first child, that people who don’t want
to get pregnant can use condom. Sometimes, I use a family
planning drug before and after sex with my husband to prevent
pregnancy,” she said, noting that many of her friends also
don’t like condoms, while some claimed it could bring about
disease. “I don’t know the type of disease, but I just don’t like
condom during sex,” she added.
Pipi Olorunwa, who has been married for 12 years and has six
children, gave an insight into the female perspective. She said:
“Although there is no official report that says condom is bad;
personally, I don’t like it because God did not create it. Those
who created it did so because of the level of immorality in the
world today so that they can enjoy themselves. There are
several methods to avoid pregnancy. A couple can have sex
without the wife conceiving.
“I also don’t like the chemical and odour from condom because I
believe the chemicals used in preserving the condom could cause
problems and is harmful to the body. Although I didn’t get the
information from a medical expert, but everybody does
according to their belief. I don’t use any drug either to
prevent pregnancy. I just do it the natural way with my
husband.”
“We don’t use need it or any other contraceptive because we
understand how to do child spacing,’’ noted the head of the
traditional chiefs in the area, 55-year-old Mr. Francis Agoyon
Alashe. When probed further, he gave a timeline of the spacing
among some of his 14 children as proof. It showed a two or
three-year gap among them. “My children are well spaced.
Some of them, including the twins, were born in 1984, 1986 and
1989. I stopped having children in 2003,” he explained, adding
that he still had sex with his wives during those period without
childbirth because he had ‘planned it carefully with the
withdrawal method.’
“Of course, the woman enjoys it. It’s a matter of agreement
between the man and the woman. We don’t like using condoms
as such because we want flesh to meet flesh. If a man is too
anxious during sex, he will ejaculate on time, but if he can
control his excitement, he can take longer minutes,” he
explained.
According to Agoyon, the use of condoms could even have
‘negative effects.’ “We believe using condom could bring disease
on its own. This could happen when the sperm goes back into the
manhood. We call it ‘foon’. Then, to urinate will be very
difficult,” he said.
However, a medical doctor, Dr. Kareem Jamiu, punctured holes
in Agoyon’s statement. “That’s not true. It’s not medically
possible. But there is what is called ‘retrograde ejaculation’,
where the sperm goes backwards to the bladder instead of
forward. Normally, when a man wants to ejaculate, the bladder
neck closes so that the sperm can easily flow forward. But if
the bladder neck muscles are weak or relaxed, then it means
there is a problem. Some causes of retrograde ejaculations are
complications from diabetes, a malfunctioning bladder sphincter, as well as some STDs. But in a normal male, the bladder neck is normally so tight and so the sperm cannot go back,” explained Jamiu, who once worked with the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières during their intervention programme in Makoko, Oddo and Badia communities in Lagos State.
The MSF team, comprised foreign doctors supported by Nigerian
medical staff, worked in these areas for over two years and
established a health centre, until they left in 2012.
Despite the lack of information, knowledge, and awareness
about the consequences of unprotected sex, there is a general
low rate of STDs and HIV/AIDS in the Makoko communities,
noted Jamiu, who confirmed to our correspondent that the
people in the communities really don’t like using condoms.
He said: “We tried talking with them but it was difficult
getting the message across to them. When you tell them about
it, they just laugh about it and say they will try.
“From our experience with them, their way of preventing
pregnancy is coitus interruptus. Most of the males that had
STDs patronised traditional healers, while the females sometime
came for treatment, although the rate of STDs or HIV/AIDS
was not as widespread as feared. I don’t think there was any
difference between the rates in Makoko when compared with
the general population or with people who live in different
settings. Sometimes, there were 11 cases of HIV in a month,
sometimes 12. The community also recorded low figures in
malaria and cholera cases,” he explained.
“We have special herbs to cure STDs like gonorrhoea and other
types of diseases,” said Huese. “It is an Egun secret,” Agoyon
replied when probed about it.
This surprising trend may be due to what is medically termed
‘herd immunity’, Jamiu noted. “When a group of people are
exposed to something too frequently, they tend to develop a
general immunity to it,” he explained.
According to Vaccines Today , an online publication, “Herd
immunity is a form of immunity that occurs when the
vaccination of a significant portion of a population (or herd)
provides a measure of protection for individuals who have not
developed immunity.”
“I think that’s what happened in Makoko. The rates of diseases
were not really as bad as envisaged, Jamiu said.
Another medical doctor who worked with MSF, Dr. Valentina
Edoro, echoed Jamiu’s words. “There were isolated cases of
STDS, but not high. The number was not something that needed
any special intervention. When the women came for family
planning; we found out that they don’t discuss it with their
husband. We needed to bring the men on board during
discussions on family planning, but it came about much later
when we were about rounding off the project,” she said. Edoro
added that many of the men in Makoko said they didn’t enjoy
sex with condoms because they believed it decreased the
pleasure during sex.
However, she pointed out that the withdrawal method may not
necessarily be effective in preventing pregnancies and STDs.
“This is because the pre-ejaculation fluid from a man’s penis
may contain sperm, which means that the man may still has
enough sperm to make a woman pregnant,” she said, noting
that the women were less conservative about family planning
than the men.
“Surprisingly we also discovered that their children were healthy and they breastfed for longer time, malnutrition was not a problem. Yes, they had a lot of chest infections because of
their environment and they smoke. But they were healthy,
despite their environment. I was also surprised about the low
rate of STDs because they don’t protect themselves with
condoms. They don’t marry outside the community, I don’t know
if that is a factor,” she noted.

Conservatism, illiteracy, lack of awareness, traditional beliefs,
environmental factors, high risk sexual behaviour and poverty
may be some reasons for the widespread practice of unsafe sex
among people in the community. There is also a high rate of
teenage pregnancy there.

Their claims asides, SUNDAY PUNCH gathered from some of the
residents that, despite their marital status, a few of them still
had sexual affairs outside the community.

“Today, girls are getting pregnant more and giving birth. Sex is
more common in Makoko among the young boys and girls. They
like it. All they know in this settlement is sex. You see young
girls of 13, 14 years, who have had sex. And when they are
brought to the elders, they would claim that they are husband
and wife. We deliberated some cases last Sunday, Monday and
Tuesday. We had cases of rape in the past but it is very rare.

Nowadays, some of these young girls spend their mothers’
profits from her trade to get boys to have sex with them,”
Agoyon said. Most times, a traditional marriage ceremony is
quickly conducted between these young, consenting lovers. It
doesn’t cost much to have one in Makoko, a traditional wedding
ceremony could cost between N10,000 and N150,000, Agoyon said.

This developing trend may change the status quo in the
community in terms of population growth and rates of STDS.

This is the more reason why, beyond the changing perspectives,
Jamiu said people in communities such as Makoko needed more
enlightenment about the use of contraceptives such as condoms,
considering the social and economic effects such population
increase in slums areas would have on the country.

According to recent World Bank statistics, Nigeria, with a
population of over 160 million where majority live on less than
$2 a day, has the seventh highest birth rate in the world. The
report stated that Nigerian women give birth to an average of
six children within their childbearing years.

“Their educational awareness and knowledge of contraceptives is
very poor in Makoko. I can’t comment on how it works for them.
But if the communities can be provided with standard
education, it will help change their mentality and way of life,
because you can’t dislodge them from there. That’s where they
are comfortable to live in. It’s more of a rudimentary life. They
have some brilliant children where during interaction with them,
you know they can be better. Education is what they need,’’ he
noted.

Although the older generation still holds strongly to the sexual
practice of their forefathers, the younger generation of Egun
people seem to be drifting away with the current of modern
times, while in the murky waters surrounding their communities.

Remi Goka, in his 30s, who was evasive about his marital status,
said he used condoms whenever he was with his girlfriends. Like
he put it, he didn’t know if they had other sexual relationships
outside. “But I go for tests regularly. I have many of my
friends who use condoms,” he said.

His friends, whose ages ranged from 18 to 30; Hunkarin,
Yomlomnun Monday, Keyebo Richard and Djisou Honsou, who had
his name tattooed on his arm, all agreed. They all use condoms
also. Goka agreed that sex among young people was now a
common way of life in the community.

“Yes, there is a difference between my generation and the
older one because we are more enlightened about the issues. We
have a larger population now. It’s a thing of choice,’’ he noted.

With an increasing population, especially of women and children,
poverty, poor living conditions, lack of education and basic
infrastructure and services, the increasing rate of unprotected
sex in Makoko communities is a worrying trend, especially as the
general dislike for condoms hasn’t changed much with the
younger generation.

“They live in a kind of cocoon. For them, it’s a way of life. The
men go for fishing; the women go to the market and come
back. From what I have observed, there are no special values
being handed over. So, it goes on like a cycle. The young boys
grow up to impregnate their women and it just goes on and on,”
Edoro noted.
***********
Send your articles for publicationto editor@paradigmshiftng.com. You can also sendyour eye witness reports, photos and videos toiwitness@paradigmshiftng.com

Click here to subscribe to The Paradigm Newsletter

Comments

comments

Share your thoughts


The use of condoms is strange to many men in Makoko, a
densely populated slum where the majority live in wooden shacks built on water, writes ARUKAINO UMUKORO.
Following his pleasant discovery earlier in the day, Hueze Huesu, in his 50s, couldn’t wait to get home later that night. He felt like a school boy preparing for a first date.
He was excited about exploring the world of sex with a ‘rubber.’
“Nobody had told me about condoms until I heard from some
people that it prevents pregnancy and sexually transmitted
diseases,” he said.
However, his excitement was deflated when he tried to explore
his discovery with one of his wives that night. He said, “For the
first time, I tried to use it when I wanted to sleep with my
wife but she bluntly refused. She said she was not a prostitute
and queried why I wanted to use a condom when we have been
married for years and never used one.”
Since then, Huese, who has 10 children, has never tried to use a
condom with any of his two wives. “I have never believed in the
use of condoms anyway. This has not stopped me from having
sex regularly. The woman knows the sign when the man is about
to ejaculate or reach orgasm. So she has already even enjoyed
it more than the man before he withdraws,” noted Huese
animatedly.
Like Huese, many Egun people in Makoko, as well as Oko-Agbon
and Ago-Egun communities in Yaba Local Council Development
Area, Lagos, do not like using condoms due to their long held
traditional belief in the old practice of coitus interruptus, also
known as the withdrawal or pull-out method during sexual
intercourse.
For centuries, this has been used as a method of birth control
worldwide.
The history is not lost on the Egun people whose forefathers
migrated from neighbouring Francophone West African countries like Togo and Benin Republic, as well as from Badagry, Lagos.
This age old practice has been transferred to the current
generation, where most of the people speak their local Egun
dialect and sometimes French. Their major occupations are
fishing and farming. Only a few understand English and the
residents, whose maj live in wooden shacks built on murky
waters oozing with an unpleasant odour.
“The use of condom means nothing for us here as Egun people.
We don’t like using condoms because we know ourselves, both
women and men; we don’t go outside or sleep around. It’s those
people who go outside sleeping with different people that
contact such diseases like HIV,” said Lowato Luke, one of the
traditional chiefs in the area.
Luke, who has two wives and 12 children, gleefully boasted that
he had mastered the withdrawal method and understands his
wives’ ovulation cycles. “I know the particular times to have sex
with my wives, even if they are breastfeeding and I want to
have sex with them, I know how to do it to prevent another
pregnancy,” he said. Like Huese, he also claimed that his wives
enjoy the sex more than he does. “But if you use condom, it
won’t be that enjoyable. I have never used a condom,” he noted.
It is the same case with Kirianko Goi, in his 40s. “I don’t believe
in the use of condom because I never heard that from my
father. It’s not for me to say whether I will advise my children
to use condom or not. If the young boys and girls want to have
sex, they won’t tell you. This generation is clearly different
from that of my father and mine. But if I’m in a position to do
so, I will advise them, it is my duty to advise them,” he said.
Goi’s nephews, two young men in their 20s, one married and the
other unmarried, giggled intermittently during their uncle’s
brief condom talk. But they declined comments when asked if
they use condoms during sex.
Many of the men who spoke to our correspondent in the
community expressed their aversion to the use of condoms
during sexual intercourse and were insistent that their women
enjoyed it that way.
Twenty-five-year-old Bernadette Sato, who has two children,
agreed. She does not like condom. “We don’t like using condom.
But if we don’t want to get pregnant, we know how to do it by
ourselves; it pays us more that way, because we don’t like using
condom. I was told in a hospital in Cotonou, Benin Republic,
where I gave birth to my first child, that people who don’t want
to get pregnant can use condom. Sometimes, I use a family
planning drug before and after sex with my husband to prevent
pregnancy,” she said, noting that many of her friends also
don’t like condoms, while some claimed it could bring about
disease. “I don’t know the type of disease, but I just don’t like
condom during sex,” she added.
Pipi Olorunwa, who has been married for 12 years and has six
children, gave an insight into the female perspective. She said:
“Although there is no official report that says condom is bad;
personally, I don’t like it because God did not create it. Those
who created it did so because of the level of immorality in the
world today so that they can enjoy themselves. There are
several methods to avoid pregnancy. A couple can have sex
without the wife conceiving.
“I also don’t like the chemical and odour from condom because I
believe the chemicals used in preserving the condom could cause
problems and is harmful to the body. Although I didn’t get the
information from a medical expert, but everybody does
according to their belief. I don’t use any drug either to
prevent pregnancy. I just do it the natural way with my
husband.”
“We don’t use need it or any other contraceptive because we
understand how to do child spacing,’’ noted the head of the
traditional chiefs in the area, 55-year-old Mr. Francis Agoyon
Alashe. When probed further, he gave a timeline of the spacing
among some of his 14 children as proof. It showed a two or
three-year gap among them. “My children are well spaced.
Some of them, including the twins, were born in 1984, 1986 and
1989. I stopped having children in 2003,” he explained, adding
that he still had sex with his wives during those period without
childbirth because he had ‘planned it carefully with the
withdrawal method.’
“Of course, the woman enjoys it. It’s a matter of agreement
between the man and the woman. We don’t like using condoms
as such because we want flesh to meet flesh. If a man is too
anxious during sex, he will ejaculate on time, but if he can
control his excitement, he can take longer minutes,” he
explained.
According to Agoyon, the use of condoms could even have
‘negative effects.’ “We believe using condom could bring disease
on its own. This could happen when the sperm goes back into the
manhood. We call it ‘foon’. Then, to urinate will be very
difficult,” he said.
However, a medical doctor, Dr. Kareem Jamiu, punctured holes
in Agoyon’s statement. “That’s not true. It’s not medically
possible. But there is what is called ‘retrograde ejaculation’,
where the sperm goes backwards to the bladder instead of
forward. Normally, when a man wants to ejaculate, the bladder
neck closes so that the sperm can easily flow forward. But if
the bladder neck muscles are weak or relaxed, then it means
there is a problem. Some causes of retrograde ejaculations are
complications from diabetes, a malfunctioning bladder sphincter, as well as some STDs. But in a normal male, the bladder neck is normally so tight and so the sperm cannot go back,” explained Jamiu, who once worked with the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières during their intervention programme in Makoko, Oddo and Badia communities in Lagos State.
The MSF team, comprised foreign doctors supported by Nigerian
medical staff, worked in these areas for over two years and
established a health centre, until they left in 2012.
Despite the lack of information, knowledge, and awareness
about the consequences of unprotected sex, there is a general
low rate of STDs and HIV/AIDS in the Makoko communities,
noted Jamiu, who confirmed to our correspondent that the
people in the communities really don’t like using condoms.
He said: “We tried talking with them but it was difficult
getting the message across to them. When you tell them about
it, they just laugh about it and say they will try.
“From our experience with them, their way of preventing
pregnancy is coitus interruptus. Most of the males that had
STDs patronised traditional healers, while the females sometime
came for treatment, although the rate of STDs or HIV/AIDS
was not as widespread as feared. I don’t think there was any
difference between the rates in Makoko when compared with
the general population or with people who live in different
settings. Sometimes, there were 11 cases of HIV in a month,
sometimes 12. The community also recorded low figures in
malaria and cholera cases,” he explained.
“We have special herbs to cure STDs like gonorrhoea and other
types of diseases,” said Huese. “It is an Egun secret,” Agoyon
replied when probed about it.
This surprising trend may be due to what is medically termed
‘herd immunity’, Jamiu noted. “When a group of people are
exposed to something too frequently, they tend to develop a
general immunity to it,” he explained.
According to Vaccines Today , an online publication, “Herd
immunity is a form of immunity that occurs when the
vaccination of a significant portion of a population (or herd)
provides a measure of protection for individuals who have not
developed immunity.”
“I think that’s what happened in Makoko. The rates of diseases
were not really as bad as envisaged, Jamiu said.
Another medical doctor who worked with MSF, Dr. Valentina
Edoro, echoed Jamiu’s words. “There were isolated cases of
STDS, but not high. The number was not something that needed
any special intervention. When the women came for family
planning; we found out that they don’t discuss it with their
husband. We needed to bring the men on board during
discussions on family planning, but it came about much later
when we were about rounding off the project,” she said. Edoro
added that many of the men in Makoko said they didn’t enjoy
sex with condoms because they believed it decreased the
pleasure during sex.
However, she pointed out that the withdrawal method may not
necessarily be effective in preventing pregnancies and STDs.
“This is because the pre-ejaculation fluid from a man’s penis
may contain sperm, which means that the man may still has
enough sperm to make a woman pregnant,” she said, noting
that the women were less conservative about family planning
than the men.
“Surprisingly we also discovered that their children were healthy and they breastfed for longer time, malnutrition was not a problem. Yes, they had a lot of chest infections because of
their environment and they smoke. But they were healthy,
despite their environment. I was also surprised about the low
rate of STDs because they don’t protect themselves with
condoms. They don’t marry outside the community, I don’t know
if that is a factor,” she noted.

Conservatism, illiteracy, lack of awareness, traditional beliefs,
environmental factors, high risk sexual behaviour and poverty
may be some reasons for the widespread practice of unsafe sex
among people in the community. There is also a high rate of
teenage pregnancy there.

Their claims asides, SUNDAY PUNCH gathered from some of the
residents that, despite their marital status, a few of them still
had sexual affairs outside the community.

“Today, girls are getting pregnant more and giving birth. Sex is
more common in Makoko among the young boys and girls. They
like it. All they know in this settlement is sex. You see young
girls of 13, 14 years, who have had sex. And when they are
brought to the elders, they would claim that they are husband
and wife. We deliberated some cases last Sunday, Monday and
Tuesday. We had cases of rape in the past but it is very rare.

Nowadays, some of these young girls spend their mothers’
profits from her trade to get boys to have sex with them,”
Agoyon said. Most times, a traditional marriage ceremony is
quickly conducted between these young, consenting lovers. It
doesn’t cost much to have one in Makoko, a traditional wedding
ceremony could cost between N10,000 and N150,000, Agoyon said.

This developing trend may change the status quo in the
community in terms of population growth and rates of STDS.

This is the more reason why, beyond the changing perspectives,
Jamiu said people in communities such as Makoko needed more
enlightenment about the use of contraceptives such as condoms,
considering the social and economic effects such population
increase in slums areas would have on the country.

According to recent World Bank statistics, Nigeria, with a
population of over 160 million where majority live on less than
$2 a day, has the seventh highest birth rate in the world. The
report stated that Nigerian women give birth to an average of
six children within their childbearing years.

“Their educational awareness and knowledge of contraceptives is
very poor in Makoko. I can’t comment on how it works for them.
But if the communities can be provided with standard
education, it will help change their mentality and way of life,
because you can’t dislodge them from there. That’s where they
are comfortable to live in. It’s more of a rudimentary life. They
have some brilliant children where during interaction with them,
you know they can be better. Education is what they need,’’ he
noted.

Although the older generation still holds strongly to the sexual
practice of their forefathers, the younger generation of Egun
people seem to be drifting away with the current of modern
times, while in the murky waters surrounding their communities.

Remi Goka, in his 30s, who was evasive about his marital status,
said he used condoms whenever he was with his girlfriends. Like
he put it, he didn’t know if they had other sexual relationships
outside. “But I go for tests regularly. I have many of my
friends who use condoms,” he said.

His friends, whose ages ranged from 18 to 30; Hunkarin,
Yomlomnun Monday, Keyebo Richard and Djisou Honsou, who had
his name tattooed on his arm, all agreed. They all use condoms
also. Goka agreed that sex among young people was now a
common way of life in the community.

“Yes, there is a difference between my generation and the
older one because we are more enlightened about the issues. We
have a larger population now. It’s a thing of choice,’’ he noted.

With an increasing population, especially of women and children,
poverty, poor living conditions, lack of education and basic
infrastructure and services, the increasing rate of unprotected
sex in Makoko communities is a worrying trend, especially as the
general dislike for condoms hasn’t changed much with the
younger generation.

“They live in a kind of cocoon. For them, it’s a way of life. The
men go for fishing; the women go to the market and come
back. From what I have observed, there are no special values
being handed over. So, it goes on like a cycle. The young boys
grow up to impregnate their women and it just goes on and on,”
Edoro noted.
***********
Send your articles for publicationto editor@paradigmshiftng.com. You can also sendyour eye witness reports, photos and videos toiwitness@paradigmshiftng.com

Click here to subscribe to The Paradigm Newsletter

Comments

comments

Share your thoughts

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